As you navigate Facebook and the internet, you may come across a variety of unfamiliar terms related to Gastroparesis. Melissa Adams VanHouten, the ADMIN for several Gastroparesis groups and one of the co-authors of Real Life Diaries: Living with Gastroparesis, along with some additions from blogger Nancy Brown, has developed the following list of common terms and acronyms:

Button TubeA low-profile feeding tube that sits at skin level.
CIPChronic Intestinal Pseudo-Obstruction.  Paralysis of the small bowel.
Colonic InertiaA motility disorder in which fecal matter passes too slowly through the colon.
CVSCyclic Vomiting Syndrome. Episodes of various lengths that involve nausea and/or vomiting and/or exhaustion.
DGDiabetic Gastroparesis. GP secondary to a diagnosis of diabetes.
DTPDigestive Tract Paralysis.
Dumping SyndromeWhen undigested stomach contents move too quickly into the small intestine.  Nutrients are not absorbed properly, and this can lead to malnutrition.
EDGUpper Endoscopy
EDSEhlers-Danlos Syndrome.  A group of connective tissue disorders.
Endoscopy/ScopeProcedure whereby a long, flexible tube with a camera is used to view the GI tract.
Enteral Feeding/NutritionDelivering food/nutrition directly to the stomach or small intestine.
G/J-TubeGastrojejunostomy Tube.  A feeding tube that accesses both the stomach and the jejunum (middle part of the small intestine).
Gastric Electric Stimulator/Pacemaker/Pacer (GES)A small neurostimulator that is placed in the abdomen to help control nausea and vomiting.  It delivers electric pulses to the lower stomach.
Gastroduodenal manometryA test that measures pressure in the stomach and intestines as they contract
GEGastric Emptying.
GERDGastroesophageal Reflux Disease.  A digestive disease characterized by acid reflux.
GESGastric Emptying Study.  Measures the speed in which food empties from the stomach into the small intestine.
GIGastrointestinal.  Also used to refer to one’s gastroenterologist.  Pertaining to the stomach and intestines.
GPGastroparesis.  Paralysis of the stomach; delayed emptying of the stomach.
G-PoemGastric per-oral Endoscopic Myotomy.
G-TubeGastrostomy (or Gastric) Tube.  An abdominal feeding tube that delivers nutrition directly to the stomach.
Idiopathic Of unknown/uncertain cause.
J-TubeJejunostomy Tube.  A feeding tube placed directly into the jejunum (middle part of the small intestine).
NG TubeNasogastric Tube.  A feeding tube that is passed through the nostril, down into the stomach.
NJ TubeNasojejunal Tube.  A feeding tube that is passed through the nostril, through the stomach, and down into the middle part of the small intestine (called the jejunum).  It essentially bypasses the stomach.
NPONothing by mouth.
PCPPrimary Care Physician.
PEG TubePercutaneous Endoscopic Gastrostomy Tube.  It is a G-Tube that is placed endoscopically.
PEJ TubePercutaneous Endoscopic Jejunostomy Tube.  It is a J-Tube that is placed endoscopically.
PICC LinePeripherally Inserted Central Catheter.  A catheter inserted through a vein in order to deliver nutrition and/or medications more easily and efficiently.
POTSPostural Orthostatic Tachycardia Syndrome.  A form of dysautonomia in which changes in body position result in an increased heart rate and accompanying problems.
PSGPost-Surgical Gastroparesis. GP that appears as a result of a surgical procedure.
QT Interval, prolonged/abnormalAn abnormality in cardiac function sometimes attributed to certain GP drugs.
Scintigraphic Gastric AccommodationWay to evaluate gastric emptying
Spoon TheoryThis is a common explanation used by those with chronic illness to explain the amount of energy needed and used in a day.  It is the reason we are called “spoonies.”
StomaThe opening in the body where the feeding tube passes through.
TCATri-Cyclic Antidepressants. Sometimes used as a treatment for nausea.
TPNTotal Parenteral Nutrition.  Providing nutrition directly into the bloodstream.  A central IV line is surgically placed for this method of providing nutrition.
WMC SmartPillWireless Motility Capsule. An ingestible device used to measure motility.
WVFWeekly Vomiting Frequency.


Are there any terms or acronyms you’d like to add to the list? Email us at!!